WKU Storm Chase Day 11

It was another early start for the WKU storm chasers as we planned to drive from Salina, KS to Texas. Our target for the day was Gainesville, TX, which is north of Dallas. It was a 6 hour drive, and storms were initiating early in the morning.

The drive from Salina, KS to Gainesville, TX.

We knew this chase day was going to be a bit different, because we will be showing up to our target as storms are already occurring. The Storm Prediction had yet another Convective Outlook across Texas and Oklahoma. We were focused on the Enhanced Risk, a level 3 out of 5 for severe weather.

SPC severe weather outlook

Atmospheric Set up and Target Decision

This active pattern continued today with ample shear, lifting, instability, and moisture. We have chased every day except the day we drove from Hays, KS to Amarillo, TX to prepare for the High Risk day. While we prefer to chase further west in Texas, specifically the Panhandle, we would not make it there in time for storms. Instead, we chose to go just north of Dallas, and arrive as storms were already going on. This area is challenging though, as there is a lot of traffic and many trees. We decided to go for the area anyway, and made it work out well.

We made a very quick stop for lunch in Moore, OK. We all preordered Jimmy John’s and had them waiting for us when we pulled in the parking lot. It’s tricky eating a tasty sub in the van going down I-35, but we had storms to see.

Chase

Immediately as we arrived in Gainesville, TX, there was already a severe thunderstorms. We found a storm cell we liked on radar, and decided to chase it near Josephine and Nevada, TX.

We tried to find a good area to get better visibility of the storm, and after doing so, we were able to spot a funnel cloud. Can you spot the funnel cloud?

Can you spot the funnel?

We continued to chase this cell, and eventually saw some ground circulations. These were possibly landspouts, but could have also been very weak tornadoes. We continued to chase, and then ran into more visibility problems.

Trees are not good when trying to view what a storm is doing.
Trees are not good when trying to view what a storm is doing.

We continued to chase east of Dallas, near Canton, TX. There was a reported tornado, but we did not get a visual of it. Instead, we begin to see some minor tornado damage, and had to take alternate routes while trying to navigate around the storm. We had to turn around a few times due to road closures.

Lines of cars and emergency vehicles up ahead. We had to turn around.

Now well east of Dallas, we continued southward, chasing storms with decent rotation but impressive lightning. We captured quite a few lightning strikes rather close to the van.

This bolt was about 200 yards away.

In the picture above, you can see the fireball that the lightning created from contact with the ground.

As you can see from the radar, there were lightning flashes surrounding us. We stayed in the van for safety, but the entire van would shake each time the thunder roared. It was such an amazing experience to see lightning like this.

Lightning strikes all around us.

We ended our day by driving to the hotel in Athens, TX. We decided to celebrate the epic day by going out to the Jalapeño Tree.

We chased a total of 7 different storms in a relatively small area with low visibility. Overall, it was another great chase day. We saw more funnel clouds, ground circulations, and epic lightning. Thanks for stopping by, and make sure to follow @wkustormchase on Twitter for current updates.

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Storm Chase Day 10

Today was one for the books for sure. We woke up in North Platte, Nebraska after a full and exciting day from Day 9. The enhanced risk from yesterday had centralized into a moderate risk for today located over the Iowa, Nebraska, and Missouri borders.

SPC Day 1 Outlook

The Set-Up

The route from North Platte to Southern Iowa is a 6-hour drive. The long drive was cutting it close for time of initiation, which made us rethink our initial target. The set-up for today was classic with the warm front and dry line boundaries.

The surface observations at 21 Z (4 pm)

The typical chase would involve chasing the northeast part of the low. We decided to take the risk and chase the southwest part of the low, where the moisture and winds converge. This method is a risk due to the smaller area with all the ingredients, however, if anything were to develop, the cell will be a beautiful, isolated supercell.

The Chase

Around 5 hours of driving, we ended up in the Hays, Kansas area. We stopped in Stockton at Shirley Mae’s Deli for sub sandwiches. After burning some time, we drove around the lovely city of Stockton and ended up in the little town of Walker, Kansas. We parked the van on the side of the road and noticed cumulus clouds started to tower. After some time throwing the football, we saw that 2 landspouts were reported on this storm. We saw the landspouts forming from the towering cloud and piled back up in the van to chase it.

A screenshot of the radar reflectivity on the storm when landspouts were reported (3:59 pm)

From one pixel to several in a few minutes, this storm was growing fast and strong. We drove closer to the storm and noticed the tornado sirens going off in the town of Walker. By the time we pulled over to watch the storm, the reflectivity started showing widespread rotation. This storm was now a supercell in the making.

A picture of the growing storm just after the landspouts lifted.
The growing storm started taking on rotation (4:49 pm)

The storm started moving away from us, so we got back in the van and chased it. The reflectivity was now showing tight rotation and a “hook” feature on the south-side of the storm which is conducive of tornado circulation.

The “hook” feature on the Reflectivity (top window) & tight velocity signature (bottom window) (5:26 pm)

While chasing, a tornado was reported on the ground. While we were so close to it, we could not see it. The tornado had become rain-wrapped, disguising it with the rest of the storm.

Our sight of the storm when the tornado was reported (5:28 pm)

We turned East on a road and notice the power lines down ahead. Multiple power lines were snapped in half from the tornado that had passed minutes prior.

A gif of the down power lines.

We turned around due to the road closure. The hook feature on radar was now to our backs. We started driving away from the storm with hopes of getting on a new road to catch up to the storm.

The hook was really defined and the rotation was impeccable. (5:29 pm)

One of the students on the storm chase team, Luke Rogers, kept an eye out in the back and saw a beautiful tornado emerge from the rain. He exclaimed about the stove pipe tornado behind us and we stopped the van and all piled out.

Stove pipe tornado center screen.

We watched the tornado for minutes and soaked it all it. This time was the moment that most of us were waiting for. It was truly a rewarding time for all of us. We saw the tornado rope out and eventually dissipate into a long elephant trunk.

A great picture of the tornado roping out.

We piled up back in the van to keep up with it, however, the roads made it hard to keeps eyes on it. We eventually decided to head to Salina, Kansas for the night. We had burgers at the hotel and reminisced on the success we had on this trip, especially on Day 10 of chase day.

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WKU Storm Chase Day 9

It was another long but eventful day as our team woke up in northeastern Colorado in the town of Sterling, CO. Once again, the visibility within the Front Range of the Rockies was absolutely spectacular and the setup and ingredients for severe storms were all coming together to make for an epic day of chase.

THE SETUP

The setup consisted of a large trough with the center axis over the Four Corners region of the United States. An area of low pressure developed off the Rockies during the first half of the day and moved northeastward in northeastern CO, this feature was the main focus for the forecast team.

The WKU Storm Chase team ironing out Monday’s forecast.

As the center of low pressure at the surface moved into northeastern CO, ingredients conducive for the development of severe weather circulated counterclockwise into northeast CO. With the main forcing mechanism for thunderstorm development being the surface low; combined with shear, instability, and moisture, our forecast target for the day was in the vicinity of Fort Morgan, CO.

BUSY DAY FOR WKU STORM CHASERS

The team woke up bright and early in Sterling, CO and began the day with some breakfast and a group forecast discussion. The chase target that the team aimed for was located in north-central Colorado, in the vicinity of Fort Morgan, CO. After the forecast discussion, the team had some time to spare before thunderstorm initiation and development. With a few hours of some downtime, the team played a very fun card game called “Cover Your Assets”.

Playing cards and waiting for thunderstorm initiation.
Lunch at Mi Ranchito!

The team left the hotel and stopped to eat lunch at Mi Ranchito in Sterling, CO. Things started getting a little hectic as a storm fired up around the Denver International Airport and began moving northeastward while we were waiting for our lunch. The team made the decision to take our lunch to-go and eat it on the road. The team made its way southwest towards Fort Morgan, CO to watch an awesome rotating supercell produce a wall cloud and a few funnels.

Rotating supercell around the Fort Morgan, CO area!
Gustnado along I-76!

The team continued tracking the supercell as it moved northeastward along the I-76 corridor. The storm produced multiple gustnadoes, sucking up all the dirt and dust in the farm fields. This storm continued to move across the Colorado landscape giving us a lot of opportunities to take some photos of its jaw-dropping structure.

An amazing storm with amazing structure!

As roads became limited in extreme northeast CO, the team decided to track another storm that developed off to the southwest. The second storm we tracked also an amazing beast. We stopped on the side of the road just to the south of Holyoke, CO and captured some amazing photos of the storm while it produced a brief, not fully condensed tornado.

Brief, not fully condensed tornado south of Holyoke, CO!

The team continued to track the supercell as it moved eastward across eastern Colorado and eventually into western Nebraska. The team continued to capture some amazing photos of this epic storm as it moved across the open land. This storm produced a lot of large hail that blanketed the landscape, almost like it snowed. The largest hailstone we found was 2.50 inches in diameter!

Large hail in eastern Colorado!
Amazing structure associated with the same storm!

The team continued onward, crossing the border into western Nebraska tracking the same severe thunderstorm which produced a fantastic lightning show after sunset.

What a day the WKU Storm Chasers had!! We saw two tornadoes, experienced strong winds, saw a bunch of large hail, and some amazing structure across eastern Colorado and western Kansas. We safely arrived in North Platte, Nebraska where we enjoyed dinner at Applebee’s!

Please continue following our adventures across the Great Plains on Twitter @wkustormchase.

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WKU Storm Chase Day 8

It was a long day of chasing today as our team ventured north into eastern Colorado in hopes of seeing storms with better visibility. The smoke coming from the wildfires in Mexico had been impeding our vision, and the storm conditions looked good for eastern Colorado.

The Setup

We woke up this day in Garden City Kansas ready to see storms. The models were showing a surface low forming off the Colorado Rockies in the early hours of the afternoon. This low combined with southwesterly flow would create a zone of confluence where storms were likely to develop. The biggest issue would be initiation time. The SPC and models were both calling for early initiation of the storms, and this would lead them to be more linear rather than isolate and discrete. During our morning forecast discussion we determined that north eastern Colorado would be our best target for the isolate super cells we were looking for. This was a moderate risk day for severe weather according to the SPC outlook, and we were ready for it.

The Chase

With the forecast discussion over we decided to head out immediately since we were a little ways away from where we wanted to be. The first stop of the day was made in Lamar Colorado for a quite bite to eat from Subway, and a chance to gas up the van. We also saw our first cell of the day in Lamar. It had some cool lightning with it, but it fizzled out without doing much.

The gang getting lunch at the local subway
First storm of the day in Lamar CO

After we left Lamar we headed further north toward Sheridan Lake Colorado. We were waiting for better storm initiation since we knew the best storms of the day would be later in the afternoon/evening. Near Sheridan Lake we were on a cluster of storms that created a daisy chain of small meso-circulations. These storms were not severe warned, but they were interesting to watch until they formed into a single line of storms.

Three individual weak circulations

After we left those storms we raced north to be on storms that were firing up near Fort Morgan Colorado. We knew these storms would have better visibility, and they had a greater chance of being isolated longer before they formed into a line of storms with embedded circulations. The best storm we saw today was near Wiggins CO. This storm was isolated, and we had a fantastic view of it. There was some circulation to the storm on the velocity radar product, and we did watch it produce a funnel. However, poor road networks prevented us from staying with the storm long term.

While we were on the storms you could see the Rocky Mountains from where we were. In the sunset they looked amazing.

Look the Rocky Mountains!

Conclusion of day 8

After a long chase day we headed into Sterling Colorado for the night. The long days are starting to show within the group, but our hopes are high to see some incredible storms as we move into the second half of our trip. That night we stopped in a place called The Grill @river city for dinner before heading back to the hotel for bed.

They had a waterfall fountain!
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WKU Storm Chase Day 7

Another day of storm chase in the books. This day was quite tricky, however, we managed to make the best of it.

The Set-Up

Our day, once again, started out in Amarillo, Texas. The surface observations were showing a stationary front extending from the northeast corner of the Texas panhandle going northeast into central Kansas. The winds throughout Texas were warm and strong from the South and the moisture was high, as well. The 12 Z run for the High Resolution Rapid Refresh (HRRR) model was showing a dry line strengthening and propagating right over the New Mexico-Texas state border any where from 19-20 Z (2 – 3 pm CDT). Along with the dry line, the intersection of the stationary front and the dry line was another point of interest when considering our target for the day.

Annotated Theta-e map generated by the HRRR at 20 Z (3 pm CDT)

The Chase

The group packed up and left soon after the forecast discussion. In the van, we decided to head north toward Dumas, Texas. The storms were just beginning to develop in the far west Texas panhandle, which gave us enough time to visit Los Potrillos Mexican Restaurant. The food was great and the service was impeccable.

We recommend the tacos!

We also met Corrina; she remembered the storm chase group from 2017.

Meet our new friend, Corrina!

After lunch, we went drove out of the lovely city of Dumas and watched a storm roll in. The lightning was the best part about this storm.

Check this bolt out!

The storm started weakening and another storm in far southeast Colorado caught our eye. We merged onto the highway and headed for the Campo, Colorado supercell. The visibility was improving tremendously, which lightened our spirits for this chase day. In fact, the air was so clear, we could see the storm while we were 50 miles away.

Our view of the Campo, Colorado storm from 50 miles away!

We met the Campo storm near Manter, Kansas. The storm had widespread rotation and looked like it could tighten up at any moment. Our route around the storm consisted of dirt roads that occasionally looked like loose, sandy roads. We maneuvered with the storm and stopped just east of it to watch what it would do. The next radar scan came in, and the rotation was tightening up but the hail was also moving toward us. We started driving around the storm away from the hail and kept our eye on the rotation. A nice funnel formed for seconds and nearly made it half-way to the horizon.

We watched the storm move away and decided to head for our hotel in Garden City, Kansas. We arrived to the hotel relatively early and headed for a nice relaxing dinner at Old Chicago.

Today was a calmer day for the storm chase group; it was pretty light in travel for us. Also, we spotted a rainbow to top Day 7 of chase off.

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WKU Storm Chase Day 6

Our morning began with a forecast discussion in Shamrock, TX. We knew that our travel distance wouldn’t be as long, so we were able to have a relaxed morning.

Atmospheric Setup

When we went to bed on Thursday night the SPC had a slight risk area extending from Texas to the Great Lakes. During our forecast discussion on Friday morning, our main focus was on the dry line that extended southwest to northeast across the south central part of the panhandle. An upper level low was located over Montana and North Dakota, which was a bit of a change from the atmospheric setup that we had been dealing with earlier in the week. That upper low had continuously gyrated over the western US but has now moved on and is making way for the next wave to come through. The 500mb winds had backed off quite a bit but a large ridge over the Gulf states coupled with the negatively tilted trough over the northern US sandwiched the pressure gradient and caused a jet streak over the central Plains.

500mb Heights and Winds map

At the end of our forecast discussion, we decided that the best environment would be on the south side of the dry line. We felt that this area was where moisture convergence, CAPE, and low level lapse rates were the most conducive for severe storms. Our goal was to stay along that boundary and follow any storms that fired along it. Later in the afternoon the SPC upgraded an area within the south central part of the Texas panhandle to an enhanced risk.

SPC Day 1 Outlook with an enhanced risk over the south central part of the Texas panhandle.

The Chase

We began our drive from Shamrock, TX and started heading toward Lubbock, TX. Visibility was slightly better as we chased our first storm between Floydada and Crosbyton, TX. This storm had visible rotation and created the most beautiful sight as we drove past a canyon and could see the base of it.

Rotating cell between Floydada and Crosbyton, TX.

We moved southeast and positioned ourselves to the west of Dickens, TX. We encountered quite a bit of hail from this storm and then moved back into Crosbyton, TX to wait for the next cell to move through. While in Crosbyton, we encountered major flooding. The roads were covered, ditches were turned into moving waterways, and the fields had standing water with ripples going across them. Grass was not visible on much of the land and runoff soil led the water that was coming off the fields and onto the road. We concluded our chase day in Crosbyton and decided to head toward Amarillo for the night in order to be closer to our target for Saturday’s chase.

Conclusion of the Day

On our drive back to Amarillo at the end of the day, we got to see beautiful mammatus clouds in Plainview, TX.

Mammatus in Plainview, TX.

We checked into our hotel in Amarillo and then walked across the parking lot to have dinner at Bubba’s 33. While waiting for our table we got to watch a beautiful sunset. As usual, dinner was filled with good food, good company, and plenty of laughs. Check back tomorrow for another update. Thanks for following along with us!

Sunset outside of Bubba’s 33 in Amarillo, TX.
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WKU Storm Chase Day 5

We started our Thursday morning by packing up and leaving Claremore, OK at 8 AM. We also parted ways with David Oliver ( Director of Environmental Health and Safety at WKU) and Dr. Tim Caboni (WKU President). Over the course of 3 days, we traveled just over 1500 miles with the President across Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas.

President Caboni with the WKU Storm Chasers in Claremore, Oklahoma.

We had a general idea that storms were going to be in the Panhandle of Texas, but this area is much bigger than most people think. After conducting a forecast discussion in the van, it was determined that our target would be Pampa, Texas.

5 hour drive to Pampa, Texas (Northeast of Amarillo)

Atmospheric Setup

The Panhandle of Texas was expected to be an area of severe weather. The upper level jet streak has backed off a little bit, but still brings upper level divergence/low level convergence to that area. A stationary front was draped west to east across the northern portion of the Texas Panhandle, and the north to south dry line was situated directly over the Texas/New Mexico border. The Panhandle would have plenty of instability, wind shear, and moisture, as the strong low level jet helped pull in deep moisture from the Gulf of Mexico. These ingredients, converging on the boundaries, helped initiate storms west and north of Amarillo. Pampa, TX was our target because we felt that storms would initiate west of Amarillo, and move into a better environment just east where they could develop into supercells. While we were driving to our target, the Storm Prediction Center upgraded the Day 1 Convective Outlook to a Moderate Risk (Level 4 of 5) for the area just east of Amarillo, which was in perfect agreement with our target.

SPC Day 1 Convective Outlook Outlook upgraded to Moderate Risk.

We stopped for lunch in Shamrock, TX, and ate at the Roost, a popular local restaurant. We continued to our target, and then waited for storms to initiate.

Chase

Our first storm of the day was just to the north of Pampa, TX. We chased this unorganized supercell for quite some time. Fortunately, flood roads were not a problem today, and the chaser convergence was a little more spread out over the Panhandle. We continued to chase this storm as it was southeast of Spearman, Texas. We were able to take a sturdy dirt road, and drove within a few miles of the cell.

Radar shows we are close to the area of circulation

This location brought a nice view of the approaching storm, as seen below.

Not much out there.
Neat view of the approaching storm

We continued to chase the storm northward all the way up to Perryton, TX. This is just south of the TX/OK border. Again, this cell produced very ominous clouds, and we sat and watched.

Ominous clouds caught in the inflow region of the storm.
Just east of Spearman, TX.

We had trouble with visibilities again. Wall clouds and possible tornadoes were rain wrapped, and when blocked by a curtain of rain, makes it very difficult to see anything. We had several velocity couplets that suggested a possible tornado, but we could not see it. But, overall, it was still a great chase day. The forecast verified that our target would be the location of severe storms. We saw some ominous clouds, ran along side tornado-warned storms, and saw a lot of incredible lightning.

End of the Day

We finished chasing near Canadian, TX, and decided to get a late dinner at the Stumblin’ Goat. We then drove south to Shamrock to spend the night.

Thanks for following along on our storm chase trip. Make sure to follow @wkustormchase on Twitter for current updates.

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WKU Storm Chase Day 4

The WKU Storm Chasers started their fourth involved chase day in the city of Manhattan Kansas. The SPC Day 1 Convective Outlook had a moderate risk area stretching from northern Oklahoma up into central Missouri and parts of south east Kansas. We ended up picking northern Oklahoma and southern Kansas as an initial starting point for the day hoping that the boundary driving our storms would stall out in that area.

Atmospheric Setup

The environment today was looking to be very unstable and favorable for strong super cell development. The main point of contention was going to be a boundary that started the morning draped across Oklahoma and south western Missouri. The big question of the day is where would that boundary stall out and produce the best super cells. All of the other important ingredients were in place. There was a strong upper level jet streak moving along the Kansas Oklahoma boarder. The lower level jet brought plenty of moisture from the Gulf with the return flow. The shear and convective available potential energy (CAPE) was also in a favorable position for the day. The boundary caused an adequate amount of moisture convergence along it allowing storms to initiate and become severe, despite the poor low level laps rates that were present in eastern Oklahoma and southern Kansas.

The Chase

We met in the lobby of our hotel that morning to have a forecast discussion led up by students Luke Rodgers and John Bowen. We decided that the best play for the day would be to head south and be on the boarder of Kansas and Oklahoma by lunch time so that we would have a good position for the rest of the day.

Group forecast discussion led by Luke and John

We stopped in Emporia Kansas for a quick to-go lunch from Jimmy John’s, and our target had moved south with the boundary that was going to produce storms. We dropped south towards Tulsa Oklahoma, stopping in Coffeyville to wait for storm initiation.

The park in coffeyville we stopped at while waiting for convective initiation

From there we quickly raced south towards Ramona Oklahoma where we saw our first storms of the day. We got caught by a strong hail core and the van was pelted with hail 2.5 inches in diameter. That is about the size of a tennis ball. Once we left that storm we headed further south east to catch a line of developing super cells in northern Oklahoma.

Tornado warned super cell moving into north eastern Oklahoma

That storm was moving too quickly for us to keep up with it, and the decision was made to drop south in favor of a developing supercell north of Tulsa Oklahoma that was showing signs of rotation. We got pretty close to that storm, and we think there was a rain wrapped tornado hidden from view. We followed that storm all the way through to Chouteau Oklahoma where we watched it produce a low hanging wall cloud and an impressive funnel, but we never saw it produce a tornado.

Conclusion of day 4

As our sunlight faded we watched the remainder of the Chouteau storm pass us by. We stood outside of our van talking with Dr. Caboni about the events of that day before heading north towards Claremore Oklahoma. We rolled into town and ate dinner at the Rib Crib before retiring to our hotel for the night.

Watching the storm roll by with Dr. Caboni!
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WKU Storm Chase Day 3

Day 3 was another intense chasing day for the WKU storm chasers. The SPC Day 1 Convective Outlook highlighted much of Missouri and the northern half of Arkansas with an enhanced risk while much of Kansas remained under a slight risk. We chose to chase the storms in Kansas due to a good environment, less chasers, and to be in a better position for our upcoming chase days!

Atmospheric Setup

Thankfully, the atmosphere was not producing an environment as conducive for violent storms like it was on chase day 2. An extremely negatively tilted trough centered over the Central Plains positioned a jet streak over southeast Kansas and the northern part of Oklahoma. At the surface, the low pressure center stretched a warm front across northern Kansas and a trailing cold front down through central Kansas. The shear and convective available potential energy (CAPE) values along with a nosing area of moisture convergence along the warm front produced a conducive environment for severe weather across central and northern Kansas.

The Chase

We started our morning in Altus, OK with a forecast discussion with WKU President Dr. Caboni! Our forecast concluded with the decision to head straight north and be in south central Kansas by the time the cold front arrived.

Forecast discussion with Dr. Caboni!

We met Dr. Caboni for lunch at Taco Delight in Pratt, KS. Lunch was quickly over as towers started to go up on radar and the SPC issued a Mesoscale Discussion for that area. We headed northeast and chased our first storm into Sterling, KS where we eventually ran into issues with flooded roads that were impassable.

This RadarScope Reflectivity screenshot shows the team’s position (blue circle) at the bottom right corner of the severe thunderstorm warning.
Sterling, KS storm shot taken from inside the van!

So many roads were flooded that we had to turn around multiple times and find new routes. Bridges were closed, dirt roads were muddy, and the strong wind created waves across standing water in the fields.

We continued northeast and started tracking another cell that was headed into Salina, KS. We saw pea sized hail and interesting cloud formations as we concluded our chase in Randolph, KS.

Conclusion of the Day 3 Chase

After we finished chasing the last cell of the day in Randolph, KS we headed back south and stayed in Manhattan, KS for the night. We dropped our things off at the hotel and then walked downtown to have dinner at the Tallgrass Tap House. Former WKU meteorology professor Dr. Mahmood was in town and met up with us for dinner! We had a great chase day and can’t wait for the next!

Keep following our journey across the Great Plains! Live updates throughout the day are posted on our twitter (@wkustormchase). Thanks for checking in!

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WKU Stormchase Day 2

Yesterday was a crazy day for the WKU Storm Chase Team! The threat for an intense severe weather outbreak was predicted well in advance, with an emphasis on the potential for large hail, damaging winds, and strong tornadoes. The Storm Prediction Center used this language to describe today: “tornado outbreak”, “long track violent tornadoes”, & “significant threat to life and property”.

Severe Weather Outlook for 05/20/19 (SPC)

SYNOPSIS & SETUP

The setup consisted of a large negatively-tilted trough that ejected out of the southwest and into the Southern Plains. An area of low pressure at the surface moved into southern KS with an accompanying warm front that extended eastward and a cold front and dry line that extended off to the southwest through KS and across western TX. To the south of the warm front and to the east of the cold front and dry line in the warm sector, very high values of CAPE (Convective Available Potential Energy) and wind shear dominated the area. The combination of these two variables made the environment within the warm sector conducive for the development of supercell thunderstorms.

BUSY DAY FOR WKU STORM CHASERS

The team woke up bright and early in Amarillo, TX and hit the road at 7:30 AM. The chase target that the team aimed for was located in the north-central Rolling Plains of Texas, along and to the south of the Red River Valley.

The team hit the road and headed west out of Amarillo on I-40, tracking a severe storm the developed off to the south of Amarillo during the morning hours.

Radar Image from RadarScope, the blue circle indicates where the team was located at that specific time. (WKU Storm Chasers)

After the storms moved northward, the team headed back to Amarillo for a coffee pitstop at Palace Coffee where we discussed the forecast for the day. On the road again, the team headed southeast towards Matador, TX where we had a little fun playing some catch with a football. While in Matador, TX, rapid development and intensification of thunderstorms began to initiate. The team quickly piled into the van and headed east towards Paducah, TX to intercept a tornado warned thunderstorm and meet up with WKU President Dr. Tim Caboni.

This photo of a skinny rope tornado was taken by Dr. Tim Caboni just outside of Paducah, TX.

The team continued northeastward to track and follow the same storm the produced the rope-like tornado. Along the way, we stopped on the side of the road to analyze/admire the severe thunderstorm and collected some of the hail that was produced.

WKU Storm Chasers and Dr. Tim Caboni analyzing the severe thunderstorm that dumped large hail just to the north of Paducah, TX. (WKU Storm Chasers)

The team continued onward, crossing the border into Oklahoma tracking another severe thunderstorm and then crossing the Red River back into Texas where severe thunderstorms produced a fantastic lightning show at sunset.

What a day the WKU Storm Chasers had!! We saw our first tornado while meeting up with Dr. Tim Caboni and a bunch of jaw-dropping severe thunderstorms that produced strong winds and large hail. We safely arrived in Altus, OK where we enjoyed dinner at Applebee’s!

Photo from WKU Storm Chasers

Please continue following our adventures across the Great Plains on Twitter @wkustormchase.

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